When most people think of trout fishing they think of a fly rod and reel but there are lots of folks that fish for trout with an ultra-light or light spinning rod and reel. It can be exciting, very productive and easy to do.
Many of you already have spinning gear or might find it too costly to go out and purchase a new fly rod and reel along with line and everything else you need to get started. Ultra-light spinning rods and reels can be found at very affordable prices.
Trout typically live in freshwater lakes, rivers and ponds except for some Rainbow trout which will live at sea for a few years and return to freshwater to spawn. These trout are known as Steelhead trout.
Trout generally are a colder water fish and they mainly feed on other small fish, flies, mayflies, shrimp, mealworms, waxworms, corn, etc., however larger trout tend to prefer to dine on other fish but will hit on large flies and lures also.
Spinning rods and Fly rods are best suited for trout fishing where light flies and lures are needed. Now there are many types of trout fishing that you can do and just as many different ways to catch them.
When fishing small streams for small Rainbows, Brooks or Browns an ultra-light spinning rod and reel is perfect. There are many different baits you can use with the spinning rod, even flies, but you will need to fish them in a certain way.
A productive way you can fish in very small streams with a current is with ultra-light spinning gear and flies. Try using 2-3 lb test line and attaching a tiny bobber or float about 1 foot above the fly then drift it past where the trout might be holding.
Be careful not to get the float caught up or to have it drifting at a different pace than the fly, you can adjust the distance between the float and fly as needed.
Another method for small streams, and even more so for small rivers with an ultra-light or light spinning rod and reel with 3-5 lb test line, is using small lures like rooster tails, tiny crank baits, kastmasters, small spoons, etc.
You can also try using worms, Salmon eggs, small minnows, corn or wax-worms just drifting it off the bottom. I like to use a tiny bullet sinker with a tiny split shot sinker stopping it about a foot up the line, then a small marshmellow to give the bait some lift.
For larger trout in big lakes, rivers or ponds, a light/medium or medium rod and reel set up is good but some still like the light fishing rod and reel for the action. However in a strong river current a much sturdier reel is needed to haul in those bigger trout. When fishing in a current remember to use swivels to avoid nasty twists and tangles.
Baits to use in large lakes, rivers and ponds can be crank-baits, panther-martin silver or gold dressed and undressed, mepps lures, spoons, live bait, etc.
Some good ultra-light spinning rigs for trout fishing can be found here.